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Monthly Archives: July 2014

REGARDING SURAH 5:51

 

5:51 O ye who believe! take not the Jews and the Christians for your friends: They are but friends to each other. And he amongst you that turns to them is of them. Verily Allah guideth not a people unjust.

The first point to be noted is that, in the verse above, the wordAwliya is often incorrectly translated as friends (Awliya is the plural and its singular is wali and the concept is walaah). As a result, many people are under the misconception that this verse commands Muslims to distance themselves from Non-Muslims and to avoid friendship with them. This is far from the truth, as we shall see after examining the meaning of the word Awliya. The Qur’an says:

3:122 …Allah was their WALI (protector), and in Allah should the faithful (Ever) put their trust.

This verse indicates that a wali is one in whom trust is placed for protection, as the Qur’an always declares God the protector, wali, of the righteous. As Dr. Saeed Ismail Sieny concludes his discussion on Walaah by writing:

As we have discovered above, the root of the word “al-walaah” does not include love, support, etc., and that the core meaning rests on guardianship. (Sieny, The Relationship Between Muslims and Non-Muslims; Toronto, Al-Attique Publishers Inc., 2000, p. 102, emphasis added)

And Dr. Muzammil Siddiqi writes:

In the verse you quoted, the word “Awliya” is used. It is a plural and its singular is “wali”.The correct translation of the word “”wali”” is not “friend” but it is someone who is very close and intimate. It is also used to mean “guardian, protector, patron, lord and master”. In the Qur’an this word is used for God, such as

“Allah is the Protector (or Lord and Master) of those who believe. He takes them out from the depths of darkness to light…” (Al- Baqarah: 257)

There are many other references in the Qur’an that give this meaning. The same word is also sometimes used in the Qur’an for human beings, such as

“And whosoever is killed unjustly, We have granted his next kin “wali” the authority (to seek judgment or punishment in this case)…”(Al-‘Isra’ :33) 
(SOURCE emphasis added)

It becomes clear that the word Awliya cannot be taken as simply referring to friendship, as it contains a much more complex meaning, including dependence and guardianship. Therefore, a more accurate translation of the verse would be:

5:51 O ye who believe! take not the Jews and the Christians for your protectors: They are butprotectors to each other. And he amongst you that turns to them is of them. Verily Allah guideth not a people unjust.

Therefore, the referred verse does not prohibit friendship with Non-Muslims at all. Dr. Muzammil Siddiqi writes:

The Qur’an does not say that non-Muslims cannot be Muslims’ friends, nor does it forbid Muslims to be friendly to non-Muslims. There are many non-Muslims who are good friends of Muslim individuals and the Muslim community. There are also many good Muslims who truly and sincerely observe their faith and are very friendly to many non-Muslims at the same time. Islam teaches us that we should be friendly to all people. Islam teaches us that we should deal even with our enemies with justice and fairness. Allah says in the Qur’an in the beginning of the same Surah Al-Ma’dah:

“O you who believe! Stand out firmly for Allah as witnesses to fair dealings and let not the hatred of others to you make you swerve to wrong and depart from justice. Be just, that is next to piety. Fear Allah, indeed Allah is well-acquainted with all that you do.” (Al-Ma’dah :8)

In another place in the Qur’an, Allah Almighty says:

“Allah forbids you not with regard to those who fight you not for your faith, nor drive you out of your homes, from dealing kindly and justly with them. For Allah loves those who are just. Allah only forbids you with regard to those who fight you for your faith, and drive you out of your homes and support others in driving you out, from turning to them for protection (or taking them as wali). Those who seek their protection they are indeed wrong- doers.” (Al-Mumtahinah: 8-9)

Moreover, Allah Almighty has described Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him, as “a mercy” to the worlds. He was a sign of Allah’s Mercy to all, Muslims as well as non-Muslims. In his kindness and fair treatment he did not make any difference between the believers and non-believers. He was kind to the pagans of Makkah and fought them only when they fought him. He made treaties with the Jews of Madinah and honored the treaties until they broke them. He, peace and blessings be upon him, is reported to have received the Christians of Najran with kindness in his Masjid in Madinah. They argued with him about Islam, but he returned them with honor and respect. There are many examples from his life that show that he was the friendliest person to all people. (SOURCE)

And as Muhammad Asad writes:

As regards the meaning of the “alliance” referred to here, see 3:28, and more particularly 4: 139 and the corresponding note, which explains the reference to a believer’s loss of his moral identity if he imitates the way of life of, or-in Qur’anic terminology-“allies himself” with, non-Muslims. However, as has been made abundantly clear in 60: 7-9 (and implied in verse 57 of this Surah), this prohibition of a “moral alliance” with non-Muslims does not constitute an injunction against normal, friendly relations with such of them as are well-disposed towards Muslims. It should be borne in mind that the term wall has several shades of meaning: “ally”, “friend”, “helper”, “protector”, etc. The choice of the particular term – and sometimes a -combination of two terms-is always dependent on the context.(Asad, The Message of the Qur’an, emphasis added)

The second point to note is that although this verse makes a general statement, the ruling is specific and is to be applied in a context similar to the historical context. Shaykh Yusuf Al-Qaradawi wrote about this topic extensively in response to a similar question:

[The answer to this is that these verses are not unconditional, to be applied to every Jew, Christian, or non-Muslim. Interpreting them in this manner contradicts the injunctions of the Qur’an which enjoin affection and kindness to the good and peace-loving peoples of every religion, as well as the verses which permit marriage to the women of the People of the Book, with all that Allah says concerning marriage

and He has put love and mercy between you”(30:21)

and the verse concerning the Christians:

And thou wilt find those who say, ‘Surely we are Christians,’ to be nearest to them (the Muslims in affection…(5:82)

The verses cited above [verse 5:51] were revealed in connection with those people who were hostile to Islam and made war upon the Muslims. Accordingly, it is not permissible for the Muslims to support or assist them – that is, to be their ally- nor to entrust them with secrets at the expense of his own religion and community. This point is explained in other verses, in which Allah, The Most High, says:

They will spare nothing to ruin you; they yearn for what makes you suffer. Hatred has been expressed by their mouths, but what their hearts conceal is still greater. Thus have We made clear to you the revelations (or signs), if you possess understanding. Ah! You love them, but they do not love you…(3:118-119)

This ayah throws light on the character of such people, who conceal great enmity and hatred against the Muslims in their hearts and whose tongues express some of the effects of such hostility. (Al-Qaradawi, Al-Halal Wal Haram Fil Islam; US American Trust Publications, 1994, p. 340, emphasis added)

As Shaykh Qaradawi mentioned, verse 5:11 cannot possibly be taken as a prohibition of friendship since the Qur’an allows Muslim men to marry women from the People of the Book:

5:5 … virtuous women of the believers and the virtuous women of those who received the Scripture before you are lawful for you…

And the Qur’an describes the relationship of marriage to be a relationship with the deepest bond of love:

30:21 And among His Signs is this, that He created for you mates from among yourselves, that ye may dwell in tranquility with them, and He has put love and mercy between your (hearts): verily in that are Signs for those who reflect.

Also note that the Qur’an says:

60:8-9 Allah does not forbid you respecting those who have not made war against you on account of [your] religion, and have not driven you forth from your homes, that you show “Birr” with them and deal with them justly; surely Allah loves the doers of justice. Allah only forbids you respecting those who made war upon you on account of [your] religion, and drove you forth from your homes and backed up [others] in your expulsion, that you make friends with them, and whoever makes friends with them, these are the unjust.

The word “birr” is the same word used to describe a Muslim’s relationship with their parents which is considered the most sacred blood relationship in Islam. Therefore, Muslims are clearly commanded to deal with peaceful non-Muslims is a friendly and peaceful manner.The third point is that the specific groups being referred to in this verse were those hostile to Islam, and not all Jews and Christians in general. Concerning the historical context, the verse was revealed during a time when the Muslims were being attacked from many directions, including the Christian Roman empire and the Jews of Madinah. The Muslims had originally made a pact with the Jews of Madinah, but they were betrayed twice. So in this context, the Qur’an was telling the believers to be cautious in dealings with such enemies who oppose Islam, and not to trust them as protectors. As Jasser Auda writes:

It was revealed in certain historic circumstances, in which there was a war between the infant Islamic state on different occasions on four different fronts: the Romans, the Persians, the pagans of Arabia, and the Jews of Madinah. So, the historic context of the revelation of this verse is a situation of war between Muslims and the People of the Book (Jews, internally in Madinah, and Christians, through a Roman crusade). So, yes, Muslims were not allowed to make friends with the enemies who were fighting them and wishing to eliminate them from the face of the earth. Some Muslims say that since the verse has this historic context, then it is part of history and no longer applies. This is not correct! It is true that the verse has a history behind it, but this does not mean that it is no longer relevant. It is totally relevant but only in a context similar to the historic context. So today Muslims are not to make friends with Jews or Christians (or followers of any other religion for that matter) if they try to kill Muslims, kick them out of their homes, etc. (SOURCE)

The Qur’anic verse is relevant in a similar context to the historical context. A Muslim cannot take Jews or Christians or anyone as protectors if they oppose their religion and its teachings. The Muslims are encouraged to rely on each other for support. Dr. Muzammil Siddiqi writes:

It is obvious that Jews patronize the Jews and Christians patronize the Christians, so why not Muslims patronize Muslims and support their own people. This verse is not telling us to be against Jews or Christians, but it is telling us that we should take care of our own people and we must support each other. In his Tafsir, (Qur’an exegesis) Imam Ibn Kathir has mentioned that some scholars say that this verse (i.e. the one you referred to) was revealed after the Battle of Uhud when Muslims had a set back. At that time, a Muslim from Madinah said, “I am going to live with Jews so I shall be safe in case another attack comes on Madinah.” And another person said, “I am going to live with Christians so I shall be safe in case another attack comes on Madinah.” So Allah revealed this verse reminding the believers that they should not seek the protection from others, but should protect each other. (See Ibn Kathir, Al-Tafsir, vol. 2, p. 68) (SOURCE)[/

The groups prohibited for Muslims to take as protectors are described in the Qur’an:

The Holy Qur’an, 60:1 O ye who believe! Take not my enemies and yours as protectors,- offering them (your) love, even though they have rejected the Truth that has come to you, and have (on the contrary) driven out the Prophet and yourselves (from your homes), (simply) because ye believe in Allah your Lord! If ye have come out to strive in My Way and to seek My Good Pleasure, (take them not as friends), holding secret converse of love (and friendship) with them: for I know full well all that ye conceal and all that ye reveal. And any of you that does this has strayed from the Straight Path. 60:2 If they were to get the better of you, they would behave to you as enemies, and stretch forth their hands and their tongues against you for evil: and they desire that ye should reject the Truth.

So the Qur’an forbids taking those as protectors who expel the Muslims from their homes and who would betray and attack as soon as the opportunity arises. Those who have no respect for a Muslim’s beliefs and desire that the Muslim leaves their faith – they cannot be taken as protectors. This is the correct interpretation based on the context of the verse. To conclude, we once again quote Dr. Muzammil Siddiqi:

Muslims are allowed to have non-Muslims as friends as long as they keep their own faith and commitment to Islam pure and strong. You are correct in pointing out that a Muslim man is also allowed to marry a Jewish or Christian woman. It is obvious that one marries someone for love and friendship. If friendship between Muslims and Jews or Christians was forbidden, then why would Islam allow a Muslim man to marry a Jew or Christian woman? It is the duty of Muslims to patronize Muslims. They should not patronize any one who is against their faith or who fights their faith, even if they were their fathers and brothers. Allah says:

“O you who believe! Take not for protectors (Awliya’) your fathers and your brothers if they love unbelief above faith. If any of you do so, they are indeed wrong-doers.” (Al-Tawbah : 23)

In a similar way, the Qur’an also tells Muslims that they should never patronize the non-Muslims against other Muslims. However, if some Muslims do wrong to some non-Muslims, it is Muslim’s duty to help the non-Muslims and save them from oppression . The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said that he himself will defend a Dhimmi living among Muslims to whom injustice is done by Muslims. But Islam also teaches that Muslims should not seek the patronage of non-Muslims against other Muslims. They should try to solve their problems among themselves. (SOURCE)

Islam is a religion of peace and compassion, therefore it requires its adherents to act in the best possible manner to other human beings. Verse 5:51 does not refer to friends, but protectors, and the historical context reveals that this verse prohibits Muslims from seeking the protection and allegiance of those who are hostile to the Islamic faith. It is not a reference to all Non-Muslims, as the scholars of Islam have clarified.


source: http://islamnewsroom.com/news-we-need/329-quranmisquotes#19

 

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FGM: Refuting the Allegations

“All that we can conclude from the above is that all forms of female circumcision or FGM are not Islamic; rather they are harmful and require a total ban in order to safeguard the health and well-being of all Muslim women throughout the world for all time.”

By Zahrah Awaleh

Writer – U.K.
Sunday, 05 September 2010 00:00

Male circumcision is the cutting of the foreskin on the penis to enhance cleanliness (taharah). Female circumcision involves the cutting of part of the clitoris. Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is the partial or total elimination of the external female genitalia for cultural or non-therapeutic reasons. FGM is not equivalent to male circumcision, as many people have misconceived.FGM has no therapeutic benefits. Instead it has long-term and short-term health consequences that have damaged the lives of some 100–140 million girls and women in 28 countries in Africa, the Middle East, Asia, and increasingly among the communities of the United States, Europe, and Australasia (WHO Female Genital Mutilation Fact Sheet). FGM is a violation of the bodily integrity and dignity of women and girls. In the short term, one can suffer violent pain, post-operative shock and clitoral hemorrhage. These two outcomes can lead to death. The long-term consequences include problems with menstruation, urinary and kidney infections, sexual frigidity, and psychological problems regarding body image.

FGM is prohibited in the United Kingdom by the 2003 FGM Act (Local Authority Social Services Letter). Any UK national or permanent resident caught practicing FGM in the United Kingdom or abroad, or being an accomplice to it, is liable fine or imprisonment for up to 12 years, or both, in the United Kingdom. This is irrespective of whether the other countries have laws against FGM or not. There are many African countries that have passed laws against FGM, including Kenya, Ghana, Togo, and the Ivory Coast. Thus anyone who practices or aids someone in doing so in these countries could face imprisonment, fines or both.

What Muslims and Islam Say About FGM

The typical reasons given by Sunni Muslims (the majority of Muslims are Sunni) for the practice of FGM are

  • To protect chastity/virginity
  • To reduce sexual desire
  • To enhance fertility and childbirth

However, FGM doesn’t guarantee any of these. Rather, FGM Type 3, which involves closing over the urethral and vaginal openings with the gutted labia minora/majora, leaves a hole that traps traces of urine and menstrual blood. This can cause infections in the woman or girl and complicate childbirth if the individual is not opened in time to prevent this from happening. No form of FGM has been proven to reduce sexual desire or promiscuity, but FGM may hinder sexual intercourse, having a devastating effect on women in later life when they marry.

Men and women are said to originate from one soul, nafsun wahida (An-Nisaa’ 4:1), making them equal before God in Islam. Men are said to be protectors, qawwamun(An-Nisaa’ 4:34), of women. And God has ordered both men and women to be modest in their gaze and guard their chastity. These verses prove that FGM in Muslim communities is unnecessary, and it is God-consciousness (taqwa ) that keeps Muslim men and women from illegal sexual intercourse or indecent thoughts, and not the absence of any part of their genitalia.

The well-known Canadian-Egyptian Islamic scholar Dr. Jamal Badawi used the term “Female Circumcision” in his work Gender Equity in Islam, Appendix: Is Female Circumcision Required (1995). He refers to the following types of FGM:

1- Type I: Removal of the hood (prepuce) of the clitoris only.

2- Type II: Removal of the entire clitoris (cliterodectomy) along with part of the labia minora, which is sutured together leaving an opening.

3- Type III: Removal of the entire clitoris, labia minora and medial part of the labia majora, stitching both sides of the vulva together leaving a small opening. This is known as “Pharonic Procedure.”

Dr. Badawi clearly states that the second and the third procedures were never mandated, encouraged or even consented to by the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him). Furthermore he condemns Types II and III as mutilation. He says nothing justifies genital mutilation. In fact, no mutilation is allowed by Islam, even on the battlefield. It is unjustifiable, brutal, inhumane, and it violates Islam. Dr. Badawi continues that female circumcision is not in the Qur’an and no hadith requires it, but some appear to accept it. “Circumcision is a commendable act for men (sunnah) and is an honorable thing (makrumah) for women” (Ash-Shawkani, Vol 1. p. 139). Badawi explains the hadith term makrumah has no religious obligation, and that the hadith is weak according to scholars of Hadith. Badawi cites the following hadith as being more authentic: Umm Atiyyah Al-Ansariyyah reported: ( A woman used to perform circumcision in Madinah. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said to her: Do not cut severely as that is better for a woman and more desirable for a husband”(Dawud 41:5251); or Cut off only the foreskin [outer fold of the skin over the clitoris, the prepuce], but do not cut off deeply [the clitoris itself], for this is brighter for the face (of the girl) and more favorable with the husband”  (At-Tabarani, Vol. 2, Hadith 722).

If cutting the prepuce of the clitoris is allowed in Islam, according to this hadith, it is meant to enhance sexual pleasure, not curtail it! This is clear from the wording “for this is brighter for the face (of the girl) and more favorable with the husband”—meaning both she and her husband will derive pleasure from the intimacy.

Therefore, female circumcision in this case stands in direct contradiction to the arguments for it by its proponents, as it does not control by reducing female sexual appetites; rather it increases them!

For those that argue that Type I is sunnah, Badawi argues that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) only used “sunnah” while referring to male circumcision; female circumcision is not obligatory. In addition, Badawi comments on the public welfare, al-masalih al-mursala, as a principle in Islamic jurisprudence that is used by all Sunni schools. It advocates the general principle of no hardship; a sub-clause to it is sadd adh-dharai, blocking the ways to evil. This involves preventing the spread of evil practices, even if they are halal in theory but become haram in practice.

The Islamic Right to Sexual Fulfillment in Marriage

The Qur’an says:

[And one of His signs is that He created mates for you from yourselves that you may find rest in them, and He put between you love and compassion; most surely there are signs in this for a people who reflect.] (Ar-Rum 30:21)

The above verse describes the ideal marital relationship for Muslims, and it is the right of every Muslim to find a mate and achieve all the benefits that come with that. FGM, however, does not allow a woman to enjoy sexual intercourse fully because of

  • Lack of sensation, due to not having a full and healthy clitoris and other external genitalia
  • Flashbacks of FGM operation on her wedding night
  • Problems relating to the infibulations when in many cases the husband opens her with an object on the wedding night and thereafter he can penetrate more easily
  • Other problems trying to sexually relate to her husband because of the negative attitude towards her sexuality
  • Not understanding her Islamic right to sexual enjoyment

Conclusion

[Allah desires ease for you, and He does not desire for you difficulty.]  (Al-Baqarah 2:185)

Islam came to bring glad tidings, not bad news, and enlighten the ignorant, not keep them in the darkness. Islam does not allow its followers to harm themselves intentionally, and it vehemently protects the rights of women and children, who are among the weakest of the groups in every society. “And the best among you are those who are best to their women” (At-Tirmidhi and Ibn Hibban).

All that we can conclude from the above is that all forms of female circumcision or FGM are not Islamic; rather they are harmful and require a total ban in order to safeguard the health and well-being of all Muslim women throughout the world for all time.

References
  • Badawi, Jamal. Gender Equity in Islam.
  • Ash-Shawkani. Nayl al-Awtar. Beirut: Dar al-Jeel, 1973.
  • Al-Tabarani. Quoted in Al-Albani, Muhammed N. Silsilat al-Ahadith as-Sahiihah. Beirut: Al-Maktab al-Islami, 1983. Vol 2 Hadith Nos: 722, pp. 353-358.

Zahrah Awaleh is a mother of two who is a career counselor in the UK. She has worked for a Somali women’s refugee group in West London and has produced an anti-FGM leaflet for use with Muslim-practicing communities, primarily in the West.

Kenya Imams Fight Female Circumcision

OnIslam & News Agencies

Thursday, 13 October 2011 15:09
Kenya, iimams, female genital mutilation

The Kenyan imams have called for concerted efforts to raise awareness about the FMG and to enforce laws to stop the harmful practice

CAIRO – Kenya’s Muslim imams have condemned the female genital mutilation, saying the common practice violates the Islamic teachings.

“There is no authentic or relevant Islamic evidence allowing FGM in all its forms,” Kenya Council of Imams and Ulema (KCIU) said in the statement cited by AllAfrica news website.

“And the practice is harmful and violates freedom, privacy, health and dignity of the Muslim woman.”

The imams reiterated that Islamic teachings and practice of Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessing be upon him) prohibit any practice that causes any form of harm to human beings.

FGM includes procedures that intentionally alter or injure female genital organs for traditional socio-religious and other non-medical reasons.

The practice involves using blades — often unsterilized and without anaesthesia — to slice off the clitoris and sometimes other parts of the external genitalia.

The procedure has no health benefits for girls and women, but instead causes severe bleeding, urinating problems, and later, childbirth complications and newborn deaths.

The practice is mostly carried out by traditional circumcisers, who often play other central roles in communities, such as attending child births.

Last year, Kenyan MPs passed legislation banning FGM, with offenders punished by a seven-year jail term or a $5,000 (3,700 euro) fine, and life imprisonment if the circumcision results in death.

However, FGM is still practiced in many areas of Kenya’s Upper Eastern and North Eastern provinces.

Awareness

The Kenyan imams have called for concerted efforts to raise awareness about the FMG and to enforce laws to stop the harmful practice.

“To this end, KCIU undertakes to mobilize resources over the next five years to support advocacy and other interventions and call upon development partners to continue supporting us,” they said.

The council also called for enforcing all FMG-related laws and urged mosques and Muslim institutions to contribute to fighting the practice.

Though illegal, FGM is still practiced throughout the world.

In Africa, it is common in a geographical area that stretches from Senegal in West Africa to Ethiopia on the East Coast, as well as from Egypt in the North to Tanzania in the south.

It is also practiced by some groups on the Arabian Peninsula.

The country where FGM is most prevalent is Egypt, followed by Sudan, Ethiopia and Mali.

According to the World Health Organization, an estimated 100 to 140 million girls and women worldwide are currently living with the consequences of FGM.

In Africa, the WHO estimates that three million girls are at risk for the practice annually.

FGM is internationally recognized as a violation of the basic human rights of girls and women and is mainly carried out on young girls sometime between infancy and the age of 15.

Many countries have put in place policies and legislations to ban the practice.


Source: http://www.onislam.net/english/news/africa/454297-kenya-imams-fight-female-mutilation.html

Female Circumcision ‘Un-Islamic’

Female Circumcision ‘Un-Islamic’: OIC

 

OnIslam & News Agencies

Tuesday, 04 December 2012 00:00
Islam, female, genital, mutilation, OIC

“This practice is a ritual that has survived over centuries and must be stopped as Islam does not support it,” Ihsanoglu said

CAIRO – The head of the world’s largest Muslim group has called for abolishing female genital mutilation, saying the practice runs counter against Islamic teachings and human rights.

“Female genital mutilation is a violation of human rights of girls and women,” Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu, Secretary-General of the Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC), said Tuesday, December 4, TrustLawreported.

Speaking at the opening of a conference on the role of women in development in Indonesia, Ihsanoglu highlighted that the practice violates Islamic teachings.

FGM: Refuting the Allegations

Female Circumcision: Is It Really Obligatory?

“This practice is a ritual that has survived over centuries and must be stopped as Islam does not support it.”

The OIC chief said female genital mutilation is “a hazardous practice that endangers the physical and psychological health of girls and women”.

FGM includes procedures that intentionally alter or injure female genital organs for traditional socio-religious and other non-medical reasons.

The practice involves using blades — often unsterilized and without anaesthesia — to slice off the clitoris and sometimes other parts of the external genitalia.

The procedure has no health benefits for girls and women, but instead causes severe bleeding, urinating problems, and later, childbirth complications and newborn deaths.

The practice is mostly carried out by traditional circumcisers, who often play other central roles in communities, such as attending child births.

FGM is internationally recognized as a violation of the basic human rights of girls and women and is mainly carried out on young girls sometime between infancy and the age of 15.

Many countries have put in place policies and legislations to ban the practice.

Social Problem

UN Women’s Executive Director Michelle Bachelet said no religion condones the female genital mutilation.

“There’s no base on any religion (and) no religious text supports something like that,” Bachelet told a press conference on Tuesday.

She stressed that there is an international consensus on the need to ban the harmful practice.

“Having said that, in many places FGM is a social norm, so it’s important not only to have laws, but it’s also important to work with community leaders, with religious leaders and the mothers of the children… to try to change a social norm that is harming girls.”

Though illegal, FGM is still practiced throughout the world.

In Africa, it is common in a geographical area that stretches from Senegal in West Africa to Ethiopia on the East Coast, as well as from Egypt in the North to Tanzania in the south.

It is also practiced by some groups on the Arabian Peninsula.

The country where FGM is most prevalent is Egypt, followed by Sudan, Ethiopia and Mali.

According to the World Health Organization, an estimated 100 to 140 million girls and women worldwide are currently living with the consequences of FGM.

In Africa, the WHO estimates that three million girls are at risk for the practice annually.


9:29 (at tauba) DOES’NT ENCOURAGE MUSLIMS TO TERRORISM

Verse 9:29 of Surah at-tauba is probably the intentionally most misinterpreted verse of the Quran.  This is what it says: –

Fight those who believe not in God nor the Last Day, nor hold that forbidden which hath been forbidden by God and His Apostle, nor acknowledge the religion of Truth , (even if they are) of the People of the Book, until they pay the Jizya with willing submission, and feel themselves subdued.” S. 9:29 Y. Ali

Dear brother mansour, I totally understand you when you say that this verse promotes violence on a cursory glance. But if you read it carefully you’ll find that it doesn’t. I hope you will be patient enough to be with me throughout the end of this article.

The verse says “Fight those who believe not in God nor the Last Day, nor hold that forbidden which hath been forbidden by God and His Apostle, nor acknowledge the religion of Truth”.
My question to you brother. Does this verse stop here? No it doesnt. It continues  and gives the actual reason as to the fighting. This is the continuation: – “until they pay the Jizya with willing submission, and feel themselves subdued”.

1. PAYING JIZYA IS THE CONDITION FOR FIGHTING. THIS STATEMENT IS TOTALLY IGNORED OR OVERLOOKED WHEN LEVYING THIS ALLEGATION OF VIOLENCE ON MUSLIMS.

This verse doesn’t ask the Muslims to do mindless slaughter as the media portrays or deceives.  It gives the Muslims the permission to fight only those non-Muslims who do not pay jizya – the state tax. And we all know that jizya is applicable only in an Islamic state. Neither India, nor US or Britain are Islamic states.  So to put this verse as an excuse for what happened there only shows how biased, unknowledgable and unfair the media is and it hurts us deeply.

I can show whole verses from other scriptures that are truly inhuman, yet no one questions them. Do you want a sample? Ill give it to you at the end. I promise.

2. THE VERSE DOES NOT ASK THE MUSLIMS TO DO FORCEFUL CONVERSIONS.

Again, the verse permits the muslims to fight the non –muslims in an islamic state ONLY and ONLY  if they refuse to pay the jizya – Willingly . Re-read the verse from ANY translation if you are not sure. But once they pay the jizya tax they can continue to believe in their atheistic pagan beliefs, but it will be under an Islamic state. You can still forgive them by not forcing them into Islam, nor oppressing them or being bad to them because of their wrong beliefs.

3. QURAN NEVER SAYS TO KILL THE DISBELIEVERS JUST BECAUSE THEY DISBELIEVE.

This is not to you brother coz I consider you as a truly respectable friend. To others who read this article – I openly challenge you to show me ONE verse from the Quran which says to kill the disbelievers just because they are disbelievers. There are verses which permit the Muslims to fight and kill non-Muslims. But every time sensible and reasonable conditions are laid. I can show you all verses from other religious scriptures where slaughtering is done for reasons that are as silly and stupid as honor, glory and greatness. Sometimes for fun too.  Wait till the end of the article to have a sample.

4. JIZYA ISN’T A RANSOM OR A BAD THING

Coming back to the verse, now people might say isn’t it unfair that they have to pay the jizya tax? Not really. Since when is punishment for refusal to pay lawful taxes considered as terrorism? Also, the jizya tax is very cheap and affordable, and it grants the non-Muslim’s many benefits, benefits which even the Muslims don’t get! For instance, the non-Muslims who are paying jizya in an Islamic state are not obliged to take part in any battle or war, unless they themselves choose tothe Muslims do not have this choice. Muslims have to actually burn their asses out to protect both Muslims and non-Muslims living in their lands. Also if the Islamic state cannot grant protection to the non-Muslims then the non-Muslims are not obliged to pay the jizya tax, since Muslims themselves must meet expectations for the jizya tax to be implemented.  Also, Society today has no problem in paying taxes to the government, so therefore they should have no problem in paying a tax in an Islamic state either.

There you go my friend, verse 9:29 doesn’t encourage the muslims to do terrorism. It is a perfectly fair and just verse.  Just throw this article on the face of anybody who tries to misrepresent islam to you in the future.

5. EVERY AUTHENTIC TRANSLATION OF THE QURAN HAS THE WORD “UNTIL” OR “TILL” IN THE VERSE 9:29

I could lay my hands on 7 different english translations of the quran and ALL OF THEM HAVE THE CONDITION:-

1. “[And] fight against those who – despite having been vouchsafed revelation [aforetime] – do not [truly] believe either in God or the last Day, and do not consider forbidden that which God and His Apostle have forbidden, and do not follow the religion of truth [which God has enjoined upon the], till they [agree to] pay the exemption tax with a willing hand, after having been humbled [in war]” 9:29  Asad’s Translation

2. “Fight those people of the Book (Jews and Christians) who do not believe in Allah and the Last Day, do not refrain from what has been prohibited by Allah and His Rasool and do not embrace the religion of truth (Al-Islam), until they pay Jizya (protection tax) with their own hands and feel themselves subdued.” 9:29 Malik’s Translation

3. “Fight those who believe not in Allah nor the Last Day nor hold that forbidden which hath been forbidden by Allah and His apostle nor acknowledge the religion of truth (even if they are) of the People of the Book until they pay the Jizya with willing submission and feel themselves subdued.” 9:29 Yusuf Ali’s Translation

4. “Fight against such of those who have been given the Scripture as believe not in Allah nor the Last Day, and forbid not that which Allah hath forbidden by His messenger, and follow not the religion of truth, until they pay the tribute readily, being brought low.” 9:29 Pickthall’s Translation

5. “Fight against those who believe not in Allâh, nor in the Last Day, nor forbid that which has been forbidden by Allâh and His Messenger and those who acknowledge not the religion of truth (i.e. Islâm) among the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians), until they pay the Jizyah with willing submission, and feel themselves subdued.” 9:29 Muhsin Khan’s Translation

6. “Fight those People of the Book who do not believe in Allah, nor in the Last Day, and do not take as unlawful what Allah and His Messenger have declared as unlawful, and do not profess the Faith of Truth; (fight them) until they pay jizyah with their own hands while they are subdued.” 9:29 Mufti Taqi Usmani’s Translation

7. “Fight those who do not believe in Allah or in the Last Day and who do not consider unlawful what Allah and His Messenger have made unlawful and who do not adopt the religion of truth from those who were given the Scripture – [fight] until they give the jizyah willingly while they are humbled.” 9:29  Sahih International Translation

6. FIGHTING NEED NOT ALWAYS BE PHYSICAL, IT CAN ALSO BE INTELLECTUAL

Finally, people might now say well isn’t Islam violent because Muslims are commanded to fight those who do not believe in God and so on etc etc. Not really, because fighting in this verse does not explicitly mean physical violence.  Observe the words in the above verses like “willingly”, “willing submission”“readily” etc. Here it is spoken about bringing a change from within the hearts of people which is brought about intellectually. There are many ways in which you fight against somebody that does not involve a physical aspect. You can fight someone with the tongue, using your wisdom and telling him about the truth, you are fighting against the lies that person is propagating and eventually with your tongue you will speak the truth and crush his lies leading him to the truth. So fighting does not have to only be physical.

But alas! We totally over look these things when we mindlessly base allegations on the Quran. I never comment on any religion until I have read and understood ALL their scriptures. I don’t just google out some anti-religious sites to come up with instant allegations. This is so unfair.

7. Quick Noble Verses that refute the terrorism LIEin Islam:

“Fight in the cause of God those who fight you, but do not transgress limits;for God loveth not transgressors. (The Noble Quran, 2:190)“

“But if the enemy incline towards peace, do thou (also) incline towards peace, and trust in God: for He is One that heareth and knoweth (all things).(The Noble Quran, 8:61)“

“If thou dost stretch thy hand against me, to slay me, it is not for me to stretch my hand against thee to slay thee: for I do fear God, the cherisher of the worlds. (The Noble Quran, 5:28)“

God does not forbid you from showing kindness and dealing justly with those who have not fought you about religion and have not driven you out of your homes. God loves just dealers. (The Noble Quran, 60:8)“

“And fight them until persecution is no more, and religion is for God.  But if they desist, then let there be no hostility except against wrongdoers. (The Noble Quran 2:193)“

Let there be no compulsion in religion: Truth stands out clear from error:  whoever rejects evil and believes in Allah hath grasped the most trustworthy handhold, that never breaks.  And Allah heareth and knoweth all things. (The Noble Quran, 2:256)“

“Again and again will those who disbelieve, wish that they had bowed (to God’s will) in Islam.   Leave them alone, to enjoy (the good things of this life) and to please themselves: let (false) hope amuse them: soon will knowledge (undeceive them). (The Noble Quran, 15:2-3)“

“Say, ‘The truth is from your Lord’: Let him who will believe, and let him who will, reject (it):……(The Noble Quran, 18:29)“

“If it had been thy Lord’s will, they would all have believed,- all who are on earth! wilt thou then COMPEL mankind, against their will, to believe! (The Noble Quran, 10:99)“

“Say: ‘Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger: but if ye turn away, he is only responsible for the duty placed on him and ye for that placed on you.   If ye obey him, ye shall be on right guidance.  The Messenger’s duty is only to preach the clear (Message). (The Noble Quran, 24:54)“

“Say : O ye that reject Faith!  I worship not that which ye worship, Nor will ye worship that which I worship.  And I will not worship that which ye have been wont to worship, Nor will ye worship that which I worship.  To you be your Way, and to me mine. (The Noble Quran, 109:1-6)“

I can spend my entire life showing you verses such as these that are littered throughout the Quran which throw the lie of terrorism out of the window.

You said “the alleged terrorizing verses” of the quran are everywhere. i ask you brother to point out EVERY such verse from the Quran so that i can clear up the matter with you. Google them out if you want. I don’t care. But don’t forget to compare them with what i am going to show you next.

Anyway, since I do have read almost every available religious scriptures in a way it should have been read, so ill full fill my promise that I made at the beginning of this article and show you all what actual terrorism is. The following link should expose all that’s required to be exposed about actual terrorism: –


Source: http://prophetrejectors.wordpress.com/929-at-tauba-of-quran-doesnt-encourage-muslims-to-terrorism/

Are Muslims allowed to lie for Islamic causes? Taqiyya explained

 

Quran and Prayer Beads

By Abu Amina Elias for FaithinAllah.org

Question:

Taqiyya is an Islamic doctrine that allows Muslims to lie to non-Muslims and the Prophet said “War is deceit.” So can we trust what any Muslim says?

Answer:

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

According to Lane’s Lexicon, Taqiyya comes from the root word meaning “to be cautious, to guard.” When a Muslim’s life is being threatened, it is permissible to deny Allah and His Messenger if that will save his life. Such permission was necessary at the time when Muslims were being persecuted and killed simply for being Muslim.

Allah said:

مَن كَفَرَ بِاللَّهِ مِن بَعْدِ إِيمَانِهِ إِلَّا مَنْ أُكْرِهَ وَقَلْبُهُ مُطْمَئِنٌّ بِالْإِيمَانِ وَلَٰكِن مَّن شَرَحَ بِالْكُفْرِ صَدْرًا فَعَلَيْهِمْ غَضَبٌ مِّنَ اللَّهِ وَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٌ

Whoever disbelieves in Allah after his belief – except for one who is forced to renounce his religion while his heart is secure in faith – but those who willingly open their hearts to unbelief, upon them is wrath from Allah and for them is a great punishment.

Surah An-Nahl 16:106

Ibn Kathir comments on this verse:

فَهُوَ اسْتِثْنَاءٌ مِمَّنْ كَفَرَ بِلِسَانِهِ وَوَافَقَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ بِلَفْظِهِ مُكْرَهًا لِمَا نَالَهُ مِنْ ضَرْبٍ وَأَذًى وَقَلْبُهُ يَأْبَى مَا يَقُولُ وَهُوَ مُطَمْئِنٌ بِالْإِيمَانِ بِاللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ

This is an exception in the case of one who utters statements of unbelief and verbally agrees with the idolaters because he is forced to do so by their beatings and abuse to which he is subjected, but his heart refuses to accept what he is saying, while he is in reality at peace with his faith in Allah and His Messenger.

Source: Tafseer Ibn Kathir 16:106

Therefore, it is only in these specific circumstances in which a Muslim faces bodily harm that he or she is allowed to lie. The general rule is that a Muslim should always speak the truth.

Allah said:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كُونُوا قَوَّامِينَ بِالْقِسْطِ شُهَدَاءَ لِلَّهِ وَلَوْ عَلَىٰ أَنفُسِكُمْ أَوِ الْوَالِدَيْنِ وَالْأَقْرَبِينَ ۚ إِن يَكُنْ غَنِيًّا أَوْ فَقِيرًا فَاللَّهُ أَوْلَىٰ بِهِمَا ۖ فَلَا تَتَّبِعُوا الْهَوَىٰ أَن تَعْدِلُوا ۚ وَإِن تَلْوُوا أَوْ تُعْرِضُوا فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ خَبِيرًا

O you who have believed, be persistently standing firm in justice, witnesses for Allah, even if it be against yourselves or your parents and relatives. Whether one is rich or poor, Allah is more worthy of both. So follow not your desires, lest you not be just, and if you distort your testimony or refuse to give it, then verily, Allah is aware of what you do.

Surah An-Nisa 4:135

And Allah said:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَقُولُوا قَوْلًا سَدِيدًا

O you who believe, fear Allah and speak words of appropriate justice.

Surah Al-Ahzab 33:70

Abdullah ibn Mas’ud reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

إِنَّ الصِّدْقَ يَهْدِي إِلَى الْبِرِّ وَإِنَّ الْبِرَّ يَهْدِي إِلَى الْجَنَّةِ وَإِنَّ الرَّجُلَ لَيَصْدُقُ حَتَّى يُكْتَبَ صِدِّيقًا وَإِنَّ الْكَذِبَ يَهْدِي إِلَى الْفُجُورِ وَإِنَّ الْفُجُورَ يَهْدِي إِلَى النَّارِ وَإِنَّ الرَّجُلَ لَيَكْذِبُ حَتَّى يُكْتَبَ كَذَّابًا

Verily, truthfulness leads to righteousness and righteousness leads to Paradise; a man may speak the truth until he is recorded with Allah as truthful. Verily, lying leads to wickedness and wickedness leads to the Hellfire; a man may tell lies until he is recorded with Allah as a liar.

Source: Sahih Muslim 2607, Grade: Sahih

Aisha reported:

مَا كَانَ خُلُقٌ أَبْغَضَ إِلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ مِنْ الْكَذِبِ وَلَقَدْ كَانَ الرَّجُلُ يُحَدِّثُ عِنْدَ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ بِالْكِذْبَةِ فَمَا يَزَالُ فِي نَفْسِهِ حَتَّى يَعْلَمَ أَنَّهُ قَدْ أَحْدَثَ مِنْهَا تَوْبَةً

There was no behavior more hateful to the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, than lying. A man would lie when narrating something in the presence of the Prophet and he would not be satisfied until he knew that he had repented.

Source: Sunan At-Tirmidhi 1973, Grade: Hasan

As for the Prophet’s statement, “War is deceit,” he said this in the context of a battle in which he intended to misdirect enemy troops.

Abdur Rahman ibn Ka’b reported:

كَانَ إِذَا أَرَادَ غَزْوَةً وَرَّى غَيْرَهَا وَكَانَ يَقُولُ الْحَرْبُ خَدْعَةٌ

When the Prophet intended to go on an expedition, he would pretend to go somewhere else and he would say, “War is deception.”

Source: Sunan Abu Dawud 2637, Grade: Sahih

This is not lying to advance an Islamic cause, rather it is employing classical military tactics used by armies for centuries. Dr. Joseph Caddell, professor of military history at North Carolina State University, acknowledges that warfare has always involved tactics of deception. He writes:

Deception in warfare is probably as old as armed conflict itself. The logic of confusing an adversary is obvious, and the rewards can be realized very quickly.

However, this is only during a declared state of war. In contrast, it is a major sin for a Muslim to act treacherously or deceptively regarding covenants, treaties, and agreements.

Ibn Umar reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

إِذَا جَمَعَ اللَّهُ الأَوَّلِينَ وَالآخِرِينَ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ يُرْفَعُ لِكُلِّ غَادِرٍ لِوَاءٌ فَقِيلَ هَذِهِ غَدْرَةُ فُلاَنِ بْنِ فُلاَنٍ

When Allah gathers together the earlier and later generations on the Day of Resurrection, He will raise a banner for every treacherous person and it will be announced that this is the treachery of so-and-so the son of so-and-so.

Source: Sahih Muslim 1735, Grade: Sahih

This applies to non-Muslims, as the Prophet informed us that he would testify on the Day of Judgment on behalf of any peaceful non-Muslim against any Muslim who oppressed them.

Sufwan ibn Saleem reported: A number of the companions said the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

أَلَا مَنْ ظَلَمَ مُعَاهِدًا أَوْ انْتَقَصَهُ أَوْ كَلَّفَهُ فَوْقَ طَاقَتِهِ أَوْ أَخَذَ مِنْهُ شَيْئًا بِغَيْرِ طِيبِ نَفْسٍ فَأَنَا حَجِيجُهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ

If anyone wrongs a person protected by a covenant, violates his rights, burdens him with more work than he is able to do, or takes something from him without his consent, then I will plead for him on the Day of Resurrection.

Source: Sunan Abu Dawud 3052, Grade: Sahih

This even applies when treachery would result in a military advantage for the Muslims, and the companions of the Prophet strictly followed this practice.

Sulaym ibn Amir reported: There was a peace treaty between Muawiyah and the Byzantines. He was marching towards their country and when the covenant came to an end, he would attack them. A man came on a horse, saying, “Allah is Most Great! Allah is Most Great! Let there be faithfulness and not treachery!” When they looked they found that he was Amr ibn Abasah. Muawiyah sent for him and questioned him about that. He said: I heard the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, say:

مَنْ كَانَ بَيْنَهُ وَبَيْنَ قَوْمٍ عَهْدٌ فَلَا يَحُلَّنَّ عَهْدًا وَلَا يَشُدَّنَّهُ حَتَّى يَمْضِيَ أَمَدُهُ أَوْ يَنْبِذَ إِلَيْهِمْ عَلَى سَوَاءٍ

When one has a covenant with people he must not strengthen or loosen it until its term comes to an end or he brings it to an end in agreement with them.

Source: Sunan At-Tirmidhi 1580, Grade: Sahih

In this example, the companions prevented the Caliph Mu’awiyah from marching his army toward the Romans in an attempt to surprise attack them when the peace treaty expired. Marching for war was considered an act of war that was initiated before the expiration of the treaty. Therefore, Mu’awiyah returned with his armies.

In conclusion, Muslims are only allowed to lie if it is necessary to protect themselves from persecution. The general rule is that a Muslim must always speak the truth even against himself. Moreover, the permission for deception during a state of war is consistent with military tactics used by armies since ancient times unto the present, but deception in violation of peace treaties and covenants is strictly forbidden.

– See more at: http://www.faithinallah.org/are-muslims-allowed-to-lie-taqiyya-explained/#sthash.q3CB8Nzd.dpuf


Source: http://www.faithinallah.org/are-muslims-allowed-to-lie-taqiyya-explained/

 

Did Prophet Muhammad kill apostates who convert to another religion?

Did Prophet Muhammad kill apostates who convert to another religion?

No Compulsion in Religion La Ikraha fi Deen

By Abu Amina Elias for FaithinAllah.org

Question:

Islam prescribes the death penalty for apostasy. This means there is no freedom of religion in Islam.

Answer:

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

Apostasy is divided into two types: major and minor. Muslim scholars, using the Prophet’s traditions as their guide, have divided unbelief, idolatry, hypocrisy, and sin into major and minor categories. Likewise, there is a distinction between an apostate who intends to physically harm the community and an apostate who only spiritually harms himself.

Minor apostasy is when a person embraces Islam while knowing its virtues and later rejects it. There is no legal punishment for the minor apostate as long as they do not try to physically harm the Muslim community. Major apostasy is when a person embraces Islam while knowing its virtues and later rejects it and adds to this a call for violent rebellion against the Muslim authorities. Such a crime is equivalent to high treason and in its most severe case can carry the death penalty as an act of self-defense for the community.

Allah said:

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا ثُمَّ كَفَرُوا ثُمَّ آمَنُوا ثُمَّ كَفَرُوا ثُمَّ ازْدَادُوا كُفْرًا لَّمْ يَكُنِ اللَّهُ لِيَغْفِرَ لَهُمْ وَلَا لِيَهْدِيَهُمْ سَبِيلًا

Verily, those who believed and then disbelieved, then believed and then disbelieved and increased in disbelief, never will Allah forgive them nor will He guide them to a right way.

Surah An-Nisa 4:137

In this verse, Allah describes a person who apostates from Islam twice and He does not prescribe legal punishment for him, but rather He only warns the apostate about severe punishment in the Hereafter. This demonstrates that the general rule is an apostate should be left alone, as the Quran prohibits compulsion in religion.

Allah said:

لَا إِكْرَاهَ فِي الدِّينِ قَد تَّبَيَّنَ الرُّشْدُ مِنَ الْغَيِّ

There is no compulsion in religion. The truth is distinct from misguidance.

Surah Al-Baqarah 2:256

And He said:

وَقُلِ الْحَقُّ مِن رَّبِّكُمْ فَمَن شَاءَ فَلْيُؤْمِن وَمَن شَاءَ فَلْيَكْفُرْ

Say: The truth is from your Lord. So whoever wills let him believe, and whoever wills let him disbelieve.

Surah Al-Kahf 18:29

Because of this, the Prophet did not punish people simply because they rejected Islam.

Jabir reported: A bedouin came to the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, and gave the pledge of allegiance for embracing Islam. The next day he came with a fever and said, “Please cancel my pledge.” The Prophet refused three times and he said:

الْمَدِينَةُ كَالْكِيرِ تَنْفِي خَبَثَهَا، وَيَنْصَعُ طَيِّبُهَا

Medina is like a furnace. It expels its impurities and collects what is pure.

Source: Sahih Bukhari 1784, Grade: Sahih

In this example, a man rejected Islam after embracing it but the Prophet did not apply legal punishment to him.

Regarding the major apostasy, the Prophet was clear in advising us that legal punishment is not applied to a minor apostate, but only a major apostate.

Abdullah ibn Mas’ud reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, applied legal punishment in the following case:

وَالتَّارِكُ لِدِينِهِ الْمُفَارِقُ لِلْجَمَاعَةِ

The one who leaves his religion and separates from the community.

Source: Sahih Muslim 1676, Grade: Sahih

The reference to one who “separates from the community” (al-mufariq lil-jama’ah) indicates that a person is not legally punished simply for not practicing Islam, but rather for high treason against Muslim authorities. This is made even clearer in another narration in which the Prophet describes the major apostate as:

رَجُلٌ يَخْرُجُ مِنَ الإِسْلاَمِ يُحَارِبُ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَرَسُولَهُ

A man who rejects Islam and wages war against Allah the Exalted and His Messenger.

Source: Sunan An-Nasa’i 4048

Ibn Abbas said:

فَمَنْ قَتَلَ وَأَفْسَدَ فِي الأَرْضِ وَحَارَبَ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ ثُمَّ لَحِقَ بِالْكُفَّارِ قَبْلَ أَنْ يُقْدَرَ عَلَيْهِ لَمْ يَمْنَعْهُ ذَلِكَ أَنْ يُقَامَ فِيهِ الْحَدُّ الَّذِي أَصَابَ

Whoever kills others, spreads corruption in the land, wages war against Allah and His Messenger, and he joins the unbelievers before he is subdued, then there is nothing to prevent the legal punishment from being applied to him because of what he did.

Source: Sunan An-Nasa’i 4046

What can be understood from these narrations is that legal punishment is only applied to a person who combines apostasy with high treason. This is because the Quran prohibits compulsion in religion as a general rule and because the believers should be the most restrained of the people when it comes to taking life.

Abdullah ibn Mas’ud reported: The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

أَعَفُّ النَّاسِ قِتْلَةً أَهْلُ الْإِيمَانِ

The most restrained of the people regarding killing are the people of faith.

Source: Musnad Ahmad 3720, Grade: Sahih

Furthermore, cases of major apostasy do not necessitate the death penalty if a single Muslim seeks protection for the apostate.

Ibn Abbas reported:

كَانَ عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ سَعْدِ بْنِ أَبِي سَرْحٍ يَكْتُبُ لِرَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَأَزَلَّهُ الشَّيْطَانُ فَلَحِقَ بِالْكُفَّارِ فَأَمَرَ بِهِ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أَنْ يُقْتَلَ يَوْمَ الْفَتْحِ فَاسْتَجَارَ لَهُ عُثْمَانُ بْنُ عَفَّانَ فَأَجَارَهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ

Abdullah ibn Sa’d ibn Abu Sarh would write to the Messenger of Allah but the devil deceived him and he joined the unbelievers. The Messenger of Allah ordered that he should be killed on the day of liberation, but Uthman ibn Affan sought protection for him, so the Messenger of Allah granted him protection.

Source: Sunan Abu Dawud 4358, Grade: Sahih

In this example, a man embraced Islam and then rejected it by joining the idolaters of Mecca who at the time were waging war against the Muslims. When Mecca surrendered to the Prophet without a fight, Uthman ibn Affan sought protection for this apostate and the Prophet honored this covenant. This is because, as a general rule, the protection granted by a single Muslim should be honored by all Muslims.

Ali ibn Abu Talib reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

ذِمَّةُ الْمُسْلِمِينَ وَاحِدَةٌ يَسْعَى بِهَا أَدْنَاهُمْ

The covenant of the Muslims is one covenant, and they strive to fulfill it among the least of them.

Source: Sunan Al-Kubra Al-Bayhaqi 15464, Grade: Sahih

In conclusion, the Prophet’s statement, “Whoever changes his religion, then kill him,” is restricted by his other statements and actions which make clear that the legal punishment for apostasy applies only to those who commit high treason against the Muslim community.

Success comes from Allah, and Allah knows best.

– See more at: http://www.faithinallah.org/did-the-prophet-kill-apostates-who-convert-to-another-religion/#sthash.9Ztw4S28.dpuf


Source: http://www.faithinallah.org/did-the-prophet-kill-apostates-who-convert-to-another-religion/