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REGARDING SURAH AL-BAQARAH (2) :190-193

Bismillah.

The most attacked verses in Al-Qur’an is surah Albaqarah verses 190, 191, 192 and 193

Again, the attackers do not care about the context of the verses, when and what situation the verses revealed, they do not even know that the verses they refer contains the PEACEFUL teaching of Islam at least in this context.

  1. Muslim fight only when they (pagans) fight.
  2. Even when you fight, do not transgress the limit. No burning, no beheading, no torturing, no beating or killing women and children, no looting, no robbery, don’t cut the trees.
  3. When they cease, when they surrender, have Mercy on them Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.

THESE VERSES MUCH RELATED TO THE CONQUEST OF MAKKAH

Albaqarah (2) 190-193

وَقَاتِلُوا فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ الَّذِينَ يُقَاتِلُونَكُمْ وَلَا تَعْتَدُوا ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يُحِبُّ الْمُعْتَدِينَ

وَاقْتُلُوهُمْ حَيْثُ ثَقِفْتُمُوهُمْ وَأَخْرِجُوهُم مِّنْ حَيْثُ أَخْرَجُوكُمْ ۚ وَالْفِتْنَةُ أَشَدُّ مِنَ الْقَتْلِ ۚ وَلَا تُقَاتِلُوهُمْ عِندَ الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ حَتَّىٰ يُقَاتِلُوكُمْ فِيهِ ۖ فَإِن قَاتَلُوكُمْ فَاقْتُلُوهُمْ ۗ كَذَٰلِكَ جَزَاءُ الْكَافِرِينَ

فَإِنِ انتَهَوْا فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ

وَقَاتِلُوهُمْ حَتَّىٰ لَا تَكُونَ فِتْنَةٌ وَيَكُونَ الدِّينُ لِلَّهِ ۖ فَإِنِ انتَهَوْا فَلَا عُدْوَانَ إِلَّا عَلَى الظَّالِمِينَ

Sahih International:  Fight in the way of Allah those who fight you but do not transgress. Indeed. Allah does not like transgressors. / And kill them wherever you overtake them and expel them from wherever they have expelled you, and fitnah is worse than killing. And do not fight them at al-Masjid al- Haram until they fight you there. But if they fight you, then kill them. Such is the recompense of the disbelievers. / And if they cease, then indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful. / Fight them until there is no [more] fitnah and [until] worship is [acknowledged to be] for Allah . But if they cease, then there is to be no aggression except against the oppressors.

Explanation from  Tafsir al-Jalalayn about these verses: Please read to know the context of the verses.

After the Prophet (s) was prevented from [visiting] Masjidil Haram (by Pagans / idol worshiper)  in the year of the battle of Hudaybiyya, he made a pact with the disbelievers that he would be allowed to return the following year, at which time they would vacate Mecca for three days. Having prepared to depart for the Visitation [‘umra], [he and] the believers were concerned that Quraysh would not keep to the agreement and instigate fighting. The Muslims were averse to becoming engaged in fighting while in a state of pilgrimage inviolability in the Sacred Enclosure [al-haram] and during the sacred months, and so the following was revealed:   Fight in the way of Allah those who fight you but do not transgress. Indeed. Allah does not like transgressors 

So THESE VERSES MUCH RELATED TO THE CONQUEST OF MAKKAH

I can prove that just by pointing part of one verse above. “wherever they have expelled you, “

Who expelled the Prophet (peace be upon him) and the Muslimin from Makkah? PAGANS QURAISY inside Masjidil Haram Makkah. So the order of killing inside those verses are about taking back MAKKAH that is belongs to Allah and get rid all the pagan activities and destroy all the statues they’ve been worshiped all along.  Fight them until there is no [more] fitnah and [until] worship is [acknowledged to be] for Allah. 

What is FITNAH in this verse means? According to Ibn. Kathir it means SHIRK. Meaning,  the sin of practicing idolatry or polytheism, i.e. the deification or worship of anyone or anything other than the singular God. Thus, FIGHT to clean the IDOL WORSHIPER in this case, inside the Masjidil Haram.

BUT!! If you have to fight, you’d better read the RED words above, FIGHT ONLY………

2:190 “THOSE WHO FIGHT YOU

2:192 “IF THEY FIGHT YOU“. Don’t fight them “UNTIL THEY FIGHT YOU“.

THEY FIGHT YOU, meaning THEY MAKE WAR WITH YOU, then the permission of KILLING is granted. In war, you will kill or to be killed. BUT!! DO NOT TRANSGRESS THE LIMIT!!

Al-Hasan Al-Basri (A famous Islamic Scholar) stated that transgression (indicated by the Ayah),
“includes mutilating the dead, theft (from the captured goods), killing women, children and old people who do not participate in warfare, killing priests and residents of houses of worship, burning down trees and killing animals without real benefit.”

See, even in war Muslims given the certain rules.

This is a small clip from the SEERAH or biography of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) from Ar-Raheeq Al-Makhtum (Sealed Nectar) Book by Ṣafī al-Raḥmān Mubārakfūrī

The Messenger of Allâh (Peace be upon him) asked people to facilitate but he forbade them to bear down hard on others or constrain. “Pacify”, he said, “and do not disincline”. When it happened that he arrived at the battlefield by night, he would never invade the enemy till it was morning. He utterly forbade burning (i.e. torturing people) in fire, killing children and women or even beating them. He also forbade theft and robbery and proceeded so far as to say gains acquired through plundering are not less forbidden than the flesh of a corpse. Corruption of tillage and race and cutting down of trees were all forbidden unless they were badly needed and there was no other substitute:
 “Do not kill a wounded person nor run after a fleeing one or kill a captive.”
He decreed that envoys cannot be killed. He also stressed on not killing those who made covenants. He even said:
“He whoever kills one who is under pledge to a covenant shall not smell Paradise, though its smell could be experienced at a forty-year distance from it.”

The claim that surah Al-Baqarah (2): 190, 191, 192 and 193 as verses promoting violence is baseless and weak. That’s because the attackers are LACK of knowledge in the science of Al-Qur’an, seerah or Hadith of Prophet (peace be upon him). Talk without knowledge is lame. They are nothing but promoting the peaceful teaching of Islam.

Learn more about THE CONQUEST OF MAKKAH  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conquest_of_Mecca

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