Bismillah. A lot of non Muslims refer surah 9:5 in Al-Qur’an as one of the so called “promote violent”. They picked from another Islamophobe websites without learning about the nature of the verse it self. In fact, they don’t care as long as they can use this as a prove. Surrah At-Taubah (9) : 5
فَإِذَا انسَلَخَ الْأَشْهُرُ الْحُرُمُ فَاقْتُلُوا الْمُشْرِكِينَ حَيْثُ وَجَدتُّمُوهُمْ وَخُذُوهُمْ وَاحْصُرُوهُمْ وَاقْعُدُوا لَهُمْ كُلَّ مَرْصَدٍ ۚ فَإِن تَابُوا وَأَقَامُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَآتَوُا الزَّكَاةَ فَخَلُّوا سَبِيلَهُمْ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُورٌ رَّحِيمٌ
Muhsin Khan Then when the Sacred Months (the Ist, 7th, 11th, and 12th months of the Islamic calendar) have passed, then kill the Mushrikun (see V.2:105) wherever you find them, and capture them and besiege them, and prepare for them each and every ambush. But if they repent and perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat), and give Zakat, then leave their way free. Verily, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. When they refer you this verse, ask them to take a look at verse no. 1 which is easier to show them the context and the situation the verse revealed. Surrah At-Taubah (9) : 1
بَرَاءَةٌ مِّنَ اللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ إِلَى الَّذِينَ عَاهَدتُّم مِّنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ
Pickthall : Freedom from obligation (is proclaimed) from Allah and His messenger toward those of the idolaters with whom ye made a treaty.
Sahih International: [This is a declaration of] disassociation, from Allah and His Messenger, to those with whom you had made a treaty among the polytheists.
Muhsin Khan: Freedom from (all) obligations (is declared) from Allah and His Messenger (SAW) to those of the Mushrikun (polytheists, pagans, idolaters), with whom you made a treaty.
What do you see? The beginning of surah Taubah is about the TREATY and it aimed for the IDOLATERS / the MUSYRIKIN / the PAGANS of QURAISY. Even is verse 5 you will see clearly that the words aimed for the MUSYRIKIN / PAGANS.
فَإِذَا انسَلَخَ الْأَشْهُرُ الْحُرُمُ فَاقْتُلُوا الْمُشْرِكِينَ
Then when the Sacred Months (the Ist, 7th, 11th, and 12th months of the Islamic calendar) have passed, then kill the Mushrikun.
Until this point (from the verses only), it is clear that:
1. Surah 9:5 does not aimed for the non-muslim in universal term. It is specifically for the Mushrikun, the PAGANS of Quraisy .
2. Surah 9:5 is one part of the verses related to a treaty. It is NOT a stand alone verse to promote the killing.
Let us talk more detail about this surah.
The beginning of surah At-Taubah is about the termination of the TREATY OF HUDAYBIYAH which was affirmed a 10-year peace between between Muhammad (peace be upon him) , representing the state of Medina, and the Quraish tribe of Mecca in March 628 or 6th year A.H (After Hijrah). BUT. Not even 2 (two) years, the Pagans breach of the treaty by attacked the Bedouin Khuza’a, Prophet’s (peace be upon him) allies. The beginning of verse 1 started with the word BARA’A meaning the disassociation, in this case disassociation of the treaty of Hudaybiyah. Allah the Almighty Himself terminated it.
The verses revealed in 9 A.H (After Hijra) after the pilgrims had left for Mecca. Prophet (peace be upon him) sent Abu Bakr (radiallahu ‘anhu) in command of the pilgrims. The Quraisy (pagans) were, during the year, at their pilgrimage stations. Abu Bakr (radiallahu ‘anhu) then led a party of one hundred Muslims. After the verses revealed, Prophet (peace be upon him) sent for Ali (radiallahu ‘anhu) and charged him to proclaim the verses at Mina when all the pilgrims had assembled thereafter performing the sacrifice. It signified the end of idolatry in Arabia for no idolater was allowed to perform Hajj nor to circle round the Kaba in a nude state after that year. The divine revelation also commanded that if the Prophet (peace be upon him) was obliged to fulfill any obligation under a treaty with the polytheists it would be discharged up to a stipulated period after which the pact would then be deemed inutile and immaterial.
Ali (radiallahu ‘anhu) went forth on the Prophet (peace be upon him)s camel and overtook Abu Bakr (radiallahu ‘anhu) along the way, who asked Ali (radiallahu ‘anhu) if he had come to give orders to him or whether he had something to convey them. Ali (radiallahu ‘anhu) replied that he had only been charged to convey orders to him. Thereafter, both proceeded to Mecca where Abu Bakr (radiallahu ‘anhu) managed the arrangements for Hajj. When the day of sacrifice came, Ali (radiallahu ‘anhu) proclaimed what he had been ordered by the Prophet (peace be upon him). (Ibn Hisham, Vol. II, pp. 543-46)
Let us read verse 1, 2, 3, and 4. you will understand what surah 5 related with.
[This is a declaration of] disassociation, from Allah and His Messenger, to those with whom you had made a treaty among the polytheists. / So travel freely, [O disbelievers], throughout the land [during] four months but know that you cannot cause failure to Allah and that Allah will disgrace the disbelievers.” /And [it is] an announcement from Allah and His Messenger to the people on the day of the greater pilgrimage that Allah is disassociated from the disbelievers, and [so is] His Messenger. So if you repent, that is best for you; but if you turn away – then know that you will not cause failure to Allah . And give tidings to those who disbelieve of a painful punishment. / Excepted are those with whom you made a treaty among the polytheists and then they have not been deficient toward you in anything or supported anyone against you; so complete for them their treaty until their term [has ended]. Indeed, Allah loves the righteous [who fear Him].
So Allah the Almighty and His Prophet (peace be upon him) gave the Pagans four months to prepare themselves. To stay or to go anywhere they like.
Now, come to verse 5 where you see the order of killing. “then kill the Mushrikun”For this, you have to see:
– The next words. capture them and besiege them Meaning, Kill only when they fight. If they proclaim war. If not, CAPTURE them. BUT, see the next words But if they repent and perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat), and give Zakat, then leave their way free.
– See the next verse (6): And if any one of the polytheists seeks your protection, then grant him protection so that he may hear the words of Allah . Then deliver him to his place of safety. That is because they are a people who do not know.
The Verse no 6 refutes the claim violent as what people claimed. Have a look closely and please open your mind, read carefully. And if any one of the polytheists seeks your protection, then grant him protection.
Not only that, Then deliver him to his place of safety. That is because they are a people who do not know.
Now you see what Allah the Almighty taught muslims. KILLING is not the first priority. MERCY come first. In surah 9:7, Allah says:”…..Indeed, Allah loves the righteous ” So if you want Allah loves you, DO THE RIGHTEUS, be PIOUS!. Have mercy on human kind.